Dental veneers: what are they and what types are there

we want to tell you what exactly dental veneers are. These are thin ceramic or composite plates with a thickness ranging between 0.5 and 0.7 millimeters ; These plates are glued to the teeth to correct defects in shape, tooth color and restore normal chewing functions of the mouth.

These veneers, very often considered true dental prostheses, are applied directly to the outer surface of the tooth to improve its aesthetics and solve possible chewing problems.

Its objective is to improve the aesthetics of the teeth, the teeth become whiter, the black spaces between the teeth are reduced.

Thanks to dental veneers it is possible to hide all defects in the shape, position and color of the teeth, which can be considered true dental prostheses.

Another objective of dental veneers is to restore normal chewing functions after any trauma (chipped teeth or dental fractures), or after normal wear of the teeth due to grinding of the teeth, bruxism or bad habits such as biting objects or To bite nails.

What to know about dental veneers

The first thing to know is that to properly apply dental veneers, you will need to lightly file your natural teeth.

There are no contraindications to treatment with veneers and anyone can use it, although there are some cases in which it will be preferable to go directly to dental crowns.

With veneers you can have the perfect smile you have always dreamed of by changing the length, position, color and shape of your natural teeth.

A question that many people ask themselves is about what problems can dental veneers solve and, specifically, how the teeth look before and after the application of the veneers on the teeth.

This clearly depends on the type of mouth and its appearance, but also on the type of problem to be corrected.

Dental veneers can be helpful in all of these cases:

  • Correct the shape of the teeth.
  • Whiter teeth.
  • Change the position of the teeth.

The effect that is achieved after the application of veneers is, without a doubt, to have visibly whiter teeth and a more beautiful mouth without the need to wear orthodontics and with results that last over time.

Types of dental veneers? Ceramic, porcelain or composite?

Dental veneers are not all the same, but there are several types . They vary depending on the different thicknesses, the composition of the concrete material and are created of different types depending on the problem to be solved.

The materials used to make the veneers are usually ceramic and porcelain, since they are very resistant materials. Veneers are tailored to each patient and their individual needs.

What are the most used dental veneers? Definitely ceramic dental veneers . To date, the most common is the so-called lithium disilicate, an aesthetically very beautiful ceramic, and above all very durable.

Feldspar ceramic is a valid alternative in certain circumstances, depending on the conditions of the case and the needs of the patient.

Ceramic is undoubtedly the most suitable material for the manufacture of veneers since this material provides optimum resistance and this material allows this type of adhesive restorations.

As we have already mentioned, the average thickness of a dental veneer is about 0.5 mm. Due to their reduced thickness, these veneers save tooth enamel and protect teeth from possible devitalization.

Ceramic veneers, like all other types of veneers, allow to correct all tooth anomalies such as color, volume, tooth enamel defects, tooth stains, thus restoring harmony to the smile.

How long do dental veneers last and what problems can arise?

The average duration of a veneer is about 10 years , as for any fixed prosthesis; however, careful and proper maintenance can extend the life of a veneer up to more than 20 years.

A veneer is not permanent, it can be removed by filing, as in the case of natural enamel, and replaced by a new veneer or by using a prosthetic crown, if problems occur or, over time, the aesthetics of the smile undergoes changes due to the physiological processes of aging.

The risk of detachment of the permanent veneers is very low , less than 2% in 5 years, with the appropriate preventive measures on a day-to-day basis, this percentage can be further reduced by staying within the enamel thickness with the preparation margins.

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