Types of Computer Architectures

Computer architecture is the design and implementation of a computer’s instruction set, microarchitecture, and circuitry. Computer architectures are studied in computer science departments at most universities. It is also taught in programs such as compilers and embedded systems at many universities and colleges.

Computer Architecture

Computer Architecture is the study of the design of a computer’s components, how they are interconnected, and how these components communicate with each other. The major categories of computer architectures are Von Neumann architecture, Harvard architecture, Systolic architecture, and Reduced instruction set computer.

Types of Computer architectures:

Computer architecture is the design of a computer’s hardware, determined by its instruction set, architectural model, processor type, the physical layout of the central processing unit (CPU), and other components.

Computer architectures are usually classified into five categories:

  1. Von-Neumann Architecture
  2.  Harvard Architecture  
  3.  Instruction Set Architecture
  4.  Microarchitecture
  5.  System Design

Types of computer architecture are a broad topic. It includes the study of the internal design and functioning of a computer.

Computer architecture is the branch of computer science that deals with the design of a computer’s data processing and storage-related structures, including its instruction set, central processing unit (CPU), memory organization, input/output systems, and microarchitecture.

The way computer architecture is defined varies between different fields of interest. In some contexts, it may refer to all aspects of a system – including instruction set architecture (ISA), system architecture, external interfaces, and peripheral components – while in others it may be restricted to just those relating to internal design decisions.

computer architecture Career:

Computers are responsible for controlling the way that business systems operate, and computer architecture career is a growing career field. This article will focus on the various aspects of a computer architecture career. It will cover what this job entails, how to prepare for it, what are some benefits of becoming a computer architect, and what are some common misconceptions about this job.


Computer architecture is the type of processor used in computers. Computer architectures may also refer to memory types or other hardware or software components related to computing devices. It could be said that the study of computer architectures is one of the most important aspects of computing because it helps define how computers operate and their limitations.

The field has now evolved into an even more specialized area than before with different types such as parallel processors,

Working in Computer architecture:

 Computer architecture is the design of a computer’s internal structure and circuitry. This design process is complicated by the ever-changing demands of modern computing systems.

It is also the study of efficient ways to get data from one part of a computer to another. It’s traditionally been viewed as one of the most important parts of implementing any new architectures, not only in terms of defining how data moves but also in defining how processors communicate with each other and how fast memory can be accessed.

Computer architecture majors might specialize in software architecture (or software engineering), hardware and circuits (or electrical engineering), or system administration.

Elements of Computer architecture:

Computer architecture is the framework that governs the hardware and software systems. It includes the processor, memory, input/output devices, and other components.

Most computers are designed to do one thing at a time. But processing power has increased so much in recent years that they can now do many tasks at once. The use of multi-core processors can improve performance by handling many processing jobs simultaneously

Computer Architecture required qualification and skills:

This article will first introduce the basic knowledge and skills that should be qualified before computer architecture can be implemented. Then we will introduce some of the examples of the application of computer architecture.

The knowledge and skills required for designing computer architectures are as follows:

  1. Knowledge about different types of hardware such as CPUs, memories, buses, I/O devices, protocols, and networks
  2. Knowledge about different architectures such as Von Neumann Architecture (VNA), Harvard Architecture (HA), Symmetric Multi-Processing (SMP), etc.
  3. Knowledge about how to design network protocols
  4. Knowledge about how to design bus protocols 
  5. Core knowledge of mathematics such as linear algebra, probability theory, etc.
  6. Core knowledge of probability theory with relation to software engineering, information theory.

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